Well-known American Scientist Kaku is trying to protect his own kind of science. He is hitting the Congress for cutting the Super Collider Project, but he is against space projects. He is ignoring the Watson internet totally. He is talking about future of science. He says we will become like Gods that is beyond his lifetime. He does not want to see everybody becomes like Einstein and intelligent internet Watson will take away positions from the scientists. He is protecting his turf, not people.
Kaku is like all other scientists. He is protecting his power, not people. I think intelligent internet Watson is being ignored by scientists and politicians all over the world due to this selfish fear of scientists and politicians who are afraid of losing their power to ordinary people around the world. That is so straight and simple. It is so obvious. Wake up people. Demand your intelligent internet Watson. Save your world.
Here are some pieces about American scientist Kakum…
We Will Become Like the Gods We Once Feared
Michio Kaku on May 25, 2011, 12:00 AM
Every Wednesday, Michio Kaku will be answering reader questions about physics and futuristic science. If you have a question for Dr. Kaku, just post it in the comments section below and check back on Wednesdays to see if he answers it.
Today, Dr. Kaku addresses a question posed by Liam Stein: “How will the world look post-singularity? Can you walk us through a day in the life of a transhuman?”
IBM‘s Watson Computer Beats the Superstars of Jeopardy! But What Does it Mean?
Michio Kaku on February 17, 2011, 12:43 PM
A milestone of sorts was passed this week when IBM’s Watson supercomputer bested the two human superstars of the Jeapardy! TV program, answering questions that would stump an ordinary person. Tensions were high during this contest, since the stakes are potentially very great. This contest harkens back to the famous test mentioned by the AI pioneer, Alan Turing, who said that, sooner or later, a machine will be so advanced that its answers to questions will be indistinguishable from a human’s answers.
To be fair, no machine can pass a Turing test in all situations. It is still relatively easy for a human to detect which answer came from a human and which came from a machine. But the victory of IBM’s Watson computer shows that, one by one, the machines are chipping away at the supremacy of human beings.
What this contest showed was that, in a very specialized area, machines can do better than humans. This involves answering questions that are posed in a highly stylized way, suitable for the Jeopardy! TV program. This does not involve answering questions that are posed, off-the-cuff, by an ordinary person using colloquial, conversational English.
This narrow achievement has vast commercial implications. For example, in the future we might talk to a “robo-doc” in our wall screens, which looks just like a human, but is actually a software program. We would ask this “doctor” on our wall screen medical questions (in a special format) and it would answer, say, perhaps 95% of the common questions that humans ask a doctor. Similarly, “robo-lawyer” would answer most of the basic questions concerning the law. These software programs could vastly increase the efficiency of society and reduce health-care costs.
But there are important limitations. The key limitation facing AI is mastering something we take for granted, which is common sense. We know, for example, that:
- water is wet, not dry
- strings can pull, not push
- sticks can push, but not pull
- mothers are older than their daughters.
There is no line of mathematical logic or computer code that explains these statements. These are simple facts about our world that we learn the hard way, through experience. Unfortunately, there are probably hundreds of millions of lines of common sense necessary to simulate the common sense of, say, a five-year old child.
IBM’s Watson computer, although it is a marvel of computer power, is inadequate to answer questions that involve the common sense of a child.
But what about the far future, when robots finally attain the common sense ability of a human? For more on this question, please consult my new book, Physics of the Future, out in March.
Social policy advocacy
Kaku has publicly stated his concerns over matters including the anthropogenic cause of global warming, nuclear armament, nuclear power and the general misuse of science. He was critical of the Cassini–Huygens space probe because of the 72 pounds (33 kg) of plutonium contained in the craft for use by its radioisotope thermoelectric generator. Conscious of the possibility of casualties if the probe’s fuel were dispersed into the environment during a malfunction and crash as the probe was making a ‘sling-shot’ maneuver around earth, Kaku publicly criticized NASA’s risk assessment. He has also spoken on the dangers of space junk and called for more and better monitoring. Kaku is generally a vigorous supporter of the exploration of outer space, believing that the ultimate destiny of the human race may lie in extrasolar planets; but he is critical of some of the cost-ineffective missions and methods of NASA
Has the Brain Drain of Top Scientists Caused the US to Lose Its Edge?
Michio Kaku on August 6, 2011, 10:56 PM
For quite some time now, the last and final mission of the Space Shuttle has generated much publicity and this phase out will have huge implications for space travel, for generations to come. One of these major concerns is the outright fear that the United States could be losing its lead in a variety of areas of high tech and not just space. A cadre core of 17,000 engineers and staff will be reduced down to 7,000 and is a tremendous loss of both high talent and high experience. The space program will have an extreme amount of difficulty trying to replace this precious resource of human talent.
Sadly, we have seen this before. Back in 1993, the Congress cancelled the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC), was set to be built outside Dallas, Texas. Construction was underway and the project was moving forward in full force. The Super Collider was massive in both size and expected energy levels that would have far surpassed the current operational levels of the Large Hadron Collider. To give you an idea, the original planned circumference of the SSC would have been exceeded 50 miles and would have had energy levels of 20 TeV per beam of protons which is considerably larger than the size of the LHC. Needless to say, the project was exciting and ambitious not to mention that it would have been completed much earlier giving the US a head start on discoveries currently taking place in Geneva, Switzerland. Long story short, Congress gave physicists $1 billion dollars to dig the hole for the huge atom smasher. A lack of funding caused Congress to scrap the project and then gave physicists an additional billion dollars to fill the hole. Yes, that’s $2 billion dollars for a hole and was the most expensive hole ever dug in human history.
The loss of the SSC set back US high energy physics for two generations. These fields have not yet recovered and thousands of individuals lost their jobs as a direct result. Now, the new Vatican for high energy physics is Geneva, Switzerland because of the construction, completion and operations at the Large Hadron Collider. There is of course no doubt that the LHC is making tremendous advancements, breaking records and making incredible discoveries but… The United States Lost the Lead. Many are now wondering if the edge was lost as well.
Photos of the abandoned remains of the planned Super Collider can be seen below. Even today, some wonder if the increased energy capabilities and larger size of the SSC would have provided us answers to questions and discoveries currently being sought out by the LHC, years earlier. As stated above, the SSC would have provided us a tremendous head start.
Also, the US might lose its lead in stem cell research because of restrictions on federal funding. Again, there is a “brain drain” of top scientists, who might consider going to Europe or Asia to pursue stem cell research. So, one by one, a case can be made that the US is losing the edge in high tech areas — First in physics, then in biology, now in space research. Remember that this has happened before, in the 1920s and 1930s when there was a decline of science and technology in England. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, the British pioneered such technologies as steam power, electricity, chemicals, and aeronautics. But, it lost its edge fairly early in the 20th century which was to be surpassed by Germany. Of course, times are tough and the critics are quick to jump to the fact that science, too, must be downsized.
But science is different. Science is the Engine of Prosperity.
Downsizing science is like eating your own seed corn. Politicians spend all their time arguing how to cut up the pie and devising all kinds of different ways to slice it up. My Attitude is: We Need a Bigger Pie. And a bigger pie, comes from science, the engine of prosperity. So, by slowly losing the edge in different areas, the US is making it difficult to generate the new technologies which will give us a bigger pie. This not a wise decision and it might be a rather good idea for the pace to be changed up a bit.
In closing: Even though this may be the last hurrah for the space shuttle, hopefully the ever increasing advancements and understandings in various technologies will one day open the universe to the average person. One such technology is the space elevator (video below) and is something that is becoming an ever increasingly popular idea and also something that I talk about in my most recent book, Physics of the Future.
Perhaps one day, technologies like this will allow the average person to take an affordable ride into space by doing nothing more than hitting the UP Button!Until Then…