Watson with cognitive chips costs less than 125 million dollars while 2012 U.S. elections will cost more than 8 billion dollars. Election results are not likely to solve problems at home and abroad even though it costs so much more than Watson with cognitive chips. I want everybody to support the idea of putting the Watson with cognitive chip to run for president and then for all offices in here and around the world. Watson with cognitive chips should be available for everybody and turn our stupid internet world into intelligent internet civilizaiton. Here is some news about costs of elections, watson and cognitive chips. Elect the intelligent internet Watson and get rid of stupid politicians forever. Intelligent one beats the stupid ones sooner or later. Better make it sooner to to transform our stupid world into an intelligent one.
September 14, 2011
2012 Election Price Tag: $8 Billion
Thursday, 14 Apr 2011 07:24 PM
By Jim Meyers
Barack Obama’s presidential campaign shattered all records by raising $760 million in the last election cycle. That record is not likely to last much longer — Obama is expected to raise more than $1 billion for his re-election campaign.
And overall spending by all candidates in 2012 is predicted to eclipse an astounding $8 billion.
In short, while polls show an angry surge of tea party voters and others pressing Congress to reduce the rampant spending government has been addicted to for decades, lawmakers every year are spending larger and larger sums to get their own government jobs.
On Thursday, both the House and the Senate passed a budget measure that cuts $38.5 billion in spending while funding the government for the rest of the current fiscal year, which ends September 30. With its passage, the White House and Congress will now focus on what are expected to be more rancorous battles over a budget for fiscal year 2012 and the upcoming need to raise the federal debt limit.
Yet while the president and other lawmakers call for restraint in public spending, there seems to be no limits on what they’ll raise and spend to get elected.
Obama’s fundraising begins Thursday night in his hometown Chicago. First he is speaking at a $5,000 to $15,000-per-plate fundraiser at a steakhouse. Then he’s off to a $35,000-per-person event at MK Restaurant, where he’ll eat dinner.
The meal will feature hors d’oeuvres including lobster sandwiches, farm-raised perch, and beef tartare. Entrees include Maine salmon with asparagus and shaved fennel, seared Maine sea scallops, rosemary braised short ribs, and parsnip puree.
After dinner, the president will headline a fundraiser in Navy Pier’s Grand Ballroom, where guests will pay $100 to $250 per person.
Obama’s $1 billion fundraising target is intended to offset what he believes to be an onslaught of outside spending by corporate interests backing Republicans, Bill Holman, government affairs lobbyist with Public Citizen, told Yahoo! News.
That spending will be fueled by the Supreme Court’s ruling in the Citizens United case, which stated that “restrictions on corporate independent expenditures are invalid.”
In the midterm elections, the first after the ruling, spending hit a record $3 billion and interest group outlays rose five-fold compared to the 2006 midterms, according to the Washington Post.
A $1 billion war chest would allow Obama’s 2012 campaign to advertise on television, radio and newspapers in almost any market it wants to, rather than pick and choose the cities and states where it will spend money, a Reuters report noted.
The campaign would also be able to buy ads targeting specific groups, such as Hispanic or urban voters.
Including House and Senate races, Holman estimates that as much as $8 billion will be spent on the 2012 elections.
The largest chunk of that money will be spent on broadcast advertising concentrated in battleground states, if the pattern in 2008 is an indication of where the money will go. In 2008, about 87 percent of all spending was concentrated in just 11 states for the general election, according to the media buying firm Horizon Media.
Obama’s team spent $427 million on media in 2008, including $244 million on broadcast media.
During that campaign Obama raised more than $740 million from individuals, more than George W. Bush and John Kerry combined in the 2004 presidential election. Obama was able to outspend John McCain by a margin of four to one in key battleground states in the final stretch of the campaign.
A Newsmax report from December 9 headlined “Big Money Bought Obama the White House” disclosed that according to FEC figures, big donors who gave in chunks of $1,000 or more spent nearly $184 million to back the Obama campaign.
This time around, Obama’s early start on fundraising, plus his deep corporate connections and the power of incumbency, should enable him to easily outpace Republican challengers in fundraising during the early months of the campaign — especially since no GOP challenger has officially launched a campaign.
© Newsmax. All rights reserved.
IBM’s Watson: Jeopardy Champ Or Job Killer?
By Gabriel Perna | February 14, 2011 10:33 PM EST
Tonight is the big night for International Business Machines’ (IBM) computer, Watson as it takes on Jeopardy! champions Ken Jennings and Brad Rutter in a “man vs. machine” showdown.
Yet, whether Watson wins or loses in the three day competition with the Jeopardy! legends, which culminates on Feb 16, may not even matter in the long run. One IT industry analyst says its technology will be used in the near future to ultimately replace human jobs.
Martin Ford, author of “The Lights in the Tunnel: Automation, Accelerating Technology and the Economy of the Future,” is so impressed with the technology used in Watson, he says future robotics will use and eventually become more serviceable in certain jobs than humans. Ford, a former Silicon Valley computer engineer and entrepreneur, says in his book as machines get more intelligent and have the able to do specialized jobs, humans will suffer from more unemployment.
Automation, which has already replaced human jobs in manufacturing, he says, will be present in the service sector and in knowledge-based occupations. Ford says Watson’s knowledge and ability to dissect language will help push along a trend which has been going on for a few years.
“The amazing thing about Watson is the way it can handle language. Jeopardy! is not a question and answer search engine, it has extraordinarily complex questions, puns and jokes. For a machine to deal with it is pretty remarkable. How a machine like Watson would be used in business world wouldn’t be that challenging. You wouldn’t be giving it intentionally tricky questions,” Ford said.
Once a machine can learn a level of expertise, it has the ability to copy that knowledge onto software and duplicate it across others. This would allow for what Ford calls a wide robotic deployment of that knowledge, where it could be used in the workforce.
“A lot of people tend to do the same basic types of thing in their job. Some of those jobs are low-skill and some are high-skill. Over time, there is division of labor going on — most jobs are specialized and most are susceptible to these types of technologies,” Ford said.
For four years, IBM scientists and researchers worked on Watson, which is named after IBM Founder Thomas J. Watson. Their goal was to build a computing system that rivals a human’s ability to answer questions posed in natural language with speed, accuracy and confidence. Jeopardy has “irony, riddles, and other complexities” that humans have traditionally excelled and computers have not.
The only thing holding back Watson like technologies from appearing in automation today is cost. While IBM has not divulged the cost of Watson, it’s estimated at $100 million. If a company was able to make a cheaper “Watson,” then the technology would become more widespread. Ford sees this as happening, not right away, but says it’s not far off.
“Over the next decade or two, you’ll see machines that can basically do what the average workers can do across a variety of jobs. Something like that can be disruptive,” Ford said. “The technology is inevitable. It’s up to us as a society to figure out how we will deal with this.”
- August 18, 2011, 2:49 AM ET
IBM Announces Move Toward ‘Cognitive’ Computing
By Don Clark
Computers are often called electronic brains, though they are different from the human variety in fundamental ways. IBM believes it is bridging the gap.
IBM One of IBM’s new ‘brain-like’ chips.
Big Blue on Thursday is announcing two experimental chips that are structured more like the brain, and could become building blocks for what IBM is calling cognitive computing. The eventual goal is to make machines that can more closely emulate the way humans perceive, learn and take action–using much less space and energy than powerful conventional computers.
“Today’s computers are with us, they wll be loved,” says Dharmendra Modha, IBM’s lead scientist on the effort. “But we are adding another member to the family.”
Modha has many metaphors for what’s involved in his work, including one that involves oranges. Today’s computers exploit processors, memory and communication links that operate at very high speed and are very efficient for some tasks. They are like farms in Florida that produce many oranges for much of the country, he says, but at a high cost in energy used for transportation.
Brains, by contrast, have simpler structures such as neurons and synapses that place processing and memory closer to each other. It’s like everybody having their own orange trees and picking their own fruit, Modha says.
IBM says both of its new exprimental chips have 256 neurons; one of them has 262,144 of what the company calls programmable synapses, while the other has 65,536 “learning” synapses. The company’s eventual goal is to build a system with ten billion neurons and a hundred trillion synapses, one that consumes a kilowatt of power and taking up less than two liters of volume.
Aren’t conventional computers already pretty powerful, and getting more so? Yes, Modha says, but some kinds of simple chores are beyond their reach.
“How about recognizing your mother’s face in a crowd?” he says. “Show me a computer that can do that.”
On a grander scale, he says, imagine scattering millions of sensors all around the world that would gather and synthesize data about wind, waves, air pressure and current flows. Such a system could produce much more accurate data about tsunamis and other phenomena, saving lives and crops, Modha says. And instead of being painstakingly programmed by people, such systems could study the real world and learn to interpret and react to it, the company says.
The idea seems to interest the U.S. government. IBM and university collaborators on Thursday are announcing that they have been awarded $21 million in a second round of funding for their research from Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
Though the new chips are a milestone, Modha says, he also admits truly cognitive systems are probably seven to ten years away. “But mighty oaks from little acorns grow,” he says.